同等学力硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试试题(2012)Part III Reading Comprehension
Part III Reading Comprehension (45 minutes, 30 points, 1 for each)
Directions: There are 5 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by 6 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
A 10-year-old boy decided to study judo (柔道) despite the fact that he had lost his left arm in a terrible car accident. The boy began lessons with an old Japanese judo master, and he was doing
well. But he couldn’t understand why, after three months of training, the master had taught him only one move.
“Sir,” the boy finally said, “shouldn’t I be learning more moves?”
“This is the only move you know, but this is the only move you’ll ever need to know,” the master replied.
Not quite understanding, but believing in his teacher, the boy kept training. Several months later, the master took the boy to his first tournament (锦标赛).
Surprising himself, the boy easily won his first two matches. The third match proved to be more difficult, but after some time, his opponent became impatient and charged;the boy skillfully used his one move to win the match. Still amazed by his success, the boy was now in the finals.
This time, his opponent was bigger, stronger, and more experienced. For a while, the boy appeared to be overmatched. Concerned that the boy might get hurt, the referee called a time-out. He was about to stop the match when the judo master intervened.
“No,” the judo master insisted, “Let him continue.”
Soon after the match resumed, his opponent made a critical mistake: he dropped his guard. Instantly, the boy used his move to pin him. The boy had won the match and the tournament. He was the champion.
On the way home, the boy and his judo master reviewed every move in each and every match.
Then the boy summoned the courage to ask what was really on his mind. “Sir, how did I win the tournament with only one move?”
“You won for two reasons,” the master answered.
“First, you’ve almost mastered one of the most difficult throws in all of judo. Second, the only known defense for that move is for your opponent to grab your left arm.”
31. Why did the boy want to learn judo?________
A. He wanted to get over the accident.
B. He wanted to make up for his disability.
C. He wanted to exercise his right arm.
D. The reason was not mentioned in the passage.
32. When a referee calls a “time-out”________
A. the time has run out B. the game stops for a short time
C. either side can claim victory D. the game ends in a tie
33. Why did the master insist on continuing the match?________
A. He didn’t want to give the opponent an advantage.
B. The boy was confident of winning.
C. He had confidence in the boy’s skill.
D. All he cared about was winning the final.
34. What probably caused the defeat of the boy’s opponent in the final?________
A. Over-confidence. B. Impatience. C. Inexperience. D. Exhaustion.
35. Why did the master teach the boy only that one move?________
A. The boy could not do other moves with only one arm.
B. It was the only move the master knew well.
C. It was the move his opponent would not be good at.
D. His opponent would be helpless once he made that move.
36. What does the passage mainly tell us?________
A. One can turn a weakness into an advantage.
B. It is very difficult to have a good teacher.
C. Even a disabled person can win a match.
D. Practice makes perfect.
My five-year-old daughter knew exactly what she wanted for Christmas of 1977, and told me so. Yes, she still would like the pink-and-green plastic umbrella, books, long nightgown, and slippers―fine. But really, there was only one thing that mattered: a Barbie Townhouse, with all the accessories.
This was a surprise. Rebecca was not a Barbie girl, preferred stuffed animals to dolls, and wasn’t drawn to play in a structured environment. Always a make-up-the-rules, design-my-own-world, do-it-my-way kid. Maybe, I thought, the point wasn’t Barbie but the house, which she could claim for herself, since we’d already moved five times during her brief life.
Next day, I stopped at the mall. The huge Barbie Townhouse box was there: “3 Floors of
High Styled Fun! Elevator Can Stop on All Floors!” Some Assembly Required.
Uh-oh. My track record for assembling things was miserable. Brooklyn born, I was raised in apartment buildings in a family that didn’t build things. A few years earlier, I’d spent one week assembling a six-foot-tall jungle gym from a kit containing so many parts. I spent the first four hours sorting and the last two hours trying to figure out why there were so many pieces. The day after I finished building it, as if to remind me of my limitations, a tornado (龙卷风) touched down close enough to scatter the jungle gym across an acre of field.
I assembled the Barbie Townhouse on Christmas Eve. Making it level, keeping the columns from looking like they’d melted and been refrozen, and getting that elevator to work were almost more than I could manage. And building it in curse-free silence so my daughter would continue sleeping―if, in fact, she was sleeping―added a layer of challenge. By dawn I was done.
Shortly thereafter, my daughter walked into the living room. Her surprise may not be real, but her delight was utterly genuine and moves me to this day, 34 years later.
Rebecca had spurred me to do something I didn’t think I could do. It was for her, and like so much of the privilege of being her father―it brought me further outside myself and let me overcome doubts about my capacities.
37. In the author’s eyes, his little daughter was .________
A. obedient B. unstable C. original D. stubborn
38. The author thought that his daughter’s choice of the Barbie Townhouse .________
A. was natural for a five-year-old girl B. was influenced by her life experience
C. reflected the change in her taste D. brought her back to normal
39. For the author, assembling things .________
A. was largely in his blood B. was a challenge he enjoyed
C. was always his weak point D. was part of his family education
40. Assembling the Barbie Townhouse .________
A. brought out the author’s potentials B. turned out to be easier than expected
C. actually drove the author crazy D. was a bad memory for the author
41. In the last paragraph the author mainly expressed .________
A. his pride in being a father B. his gratitude to his daughter
C. his concern about his capacity D. his delight in helping his daughter
42. What can be learned about the relationship between the author and his daughter?________
A. They are on good terms with each other.
B. They barely speak to each other.
C. They are polite but cold to each other.
D. They keep secrets from each other.
It is all very well to blame traffic jam, the cost of petrol and the fast pace of modern life, but manners on the roads are becoming deplorable. Everybody knows that the nicest men become monsters behind the wheel. It is all very well again, to have a tiger in the tank, but to have one in the driver’s seat is another matter. You might tolerate the odd road-hog (占道者), but nowadays the well-mannered motorist is the exception to the rule. Perhaps the situation calls for a “Be Kind to Other Drivers” campaign; otherwise it may get completely out of hand.
Road courtesy is not only good manners, but good sense too. It takes the most good-tempered of drivers to resist the temptation to hit back when subjected to uncivilized behavior. A friendly nod or a wave of acknowledgement in response to an act of courtesy helps to create an atmosphere of goodwill and tolerance so necessary in modern traffic conditions. But such acknowledgements of courtesy are all too rare today. Many drivers nowadays don’t even seem able to recognize courtesy when they see it.
Contrary to general opinion, young drivers have better manners than their seniors. But this is short-lived in the world of modern driving where many drivers neither expect nor give any mercy. This may be encouraged on the battlefield but is out of place on the roads.
Lorry drivers say they have almost abandoned the practice of signaling cars to overtake when the road is clear, because many of the cars took too long to pass. They couldn’t be bothered to select a lower gear. The car drivers, after overtaking, slowed down again and hogged the road. Again, a motoring magazine has recently drawn attention to the increasing number of drivers who never wait for gaps. “They manufacture them by force, using their direction indicators as a threat rather than a warning.” Punch-ups (打群架) are quite common. It can’t be long before we hear of pistols and knives being used.
Driving is essentially a state of mind. However technically skilled a driver may be, he can’t be an advanced motorist if he is always arrogant and aggressive.
43. The author is most concerned about .________
A. traffic jam B. road manners C. fast pace of life D. high cost of petrol
44. The word “deplorable” (Para.1) most probably means ________
A. more serious B. more tempting C. disturbing D. noticeable
45. What is the main idea of Paragraph 2?________
A. Many drivers tend to fight back against rude behaviors.
B. A little courtesy may help ease the tensions on the road.
C. Goodwill and tolerance may help relieve traffic jam.
D. Many drivers nowadays lack a good sense of courtesy.
46. It can be learned from Paragraph 3 that .________
A. young drivers are more aggressive
B. young drivers would soon lose their good manners
C. elder drivers are more cautious
D. elder drivers should improve their driving skills
47. An example of good manners on the roads is .________
A. signaling cars to overtake B. manufacturing a gap
C. selecting a lower gear D. using the direction indicator
48. According to the author, a good driver should .________
A. be technically skilled B. have a good state of mind
C. be sympathetic with others D. take good care of his vehicle
On how the world has changed over the last 50 years, not all of it has been good. As you are looking for organic food information, you have obviously become aware that a better alternative
exists and you are taking a critical look at the source and production practices of the companies producing the world’s food supplies.
The purpose of organic food information is to give you an understanding of what is going into your food. You will see that there are many benefits to organic food that you didn’t know before. The basis behind knowing about organic food information is the fact that farmers are resorting to using artificial fertilizers and pesticides (杀虫剂) to control disease and insect attack in order to produce more crops to satisfy growing demand. These artificial fertilizers leave something poisonous in and on the fruit and vegetables we consume which in turn is absorbed and stored by our bodies.
Even the quality of food has gone down in recent years. Today’s fruits have nowhere near the Vitamin C levels they did at one time. However, with organic food information you learn that organic food has fifty percent more nutrients, minerals and vitamins than any other form of produce that has been grown under intensive farming. If you are eating non-organic produce you will have eat more fruit in order to make up for this deficiency. But then the dangerous cycle continues since you will be eating more chemicals that are worse for your health than they are good for you.
Another aspect of organic food information is the production of meat and poultry (家禽).
Most only consider produce when it comes to organic food information disregarding the antibiotics and hormones that are given to both cattle and poultry that are being force fed. Ask yourself what happens to all these antibiotics and hormones when the animals is killed, the remaining of these antibiotics and growth hormones reside in the meat which are then consumed, digested and stored in human bodies. There is no way that an animal that isn’t kept in healthy conditions can produce healthy food for humans to eat.
You have nothing to lose by trying organic product, not only will it be healthy for you but you will also be able to eat produce and meat the way they are supposed to be. You will likely be so impressed with the taste of organic fruit that you will never return to the mass-produced fruit again. While cost and availability can be a big issue for some, you can do a bit of research online and find a local store that stocks organic produce for a reasonable price.
49. It is stated in Paragraph 1 that organic food .________
A. is considered as a better choice
B. is mostly supplied by world famous companies
C. has become popular over the last 50 years
D. reflects the change of production practices.
50. Farmers use artificial fertilizers and pesticides to .________
A. satisfy people’s critical demand B. develop better farming technology
C. get a higher crop yield D. keep people in better health
51. According to Paragraph 3, organic food .________
A. has gone down in quality B. has more nutrients
C. can replace mass produced food D. lacks Vitamin C
52. What does the author say about meat and poultry?________
A. Organic meat and poultry is hardly available.
B. A great amount of meat is consumed every year.
C. Merciless killing of the animals lowers their quality.
D. They may contain antibiotics and growth hormones.
53. In the last paragraph, people are advised to .________
A. eat traditional produce and meat
B. return to mass produced fruits
C. do the cost and availability research
D. try organic product for better health and taste
54. This passage is mainly about .________
A. the benefits of organic food information
B. the challenges facing the world food industry
C. changes in food production practices
D. a growing demand for high quality food
Drinking wastewater? The idea may sound distasteful, but new federally funded research says more Americans are doing so―whether they know or not―and this reuse will be increasingly necessary as the U.S. population expands.
Treated wastewater poses no greater health risks than existing water supplies and, in some cases, may be even safer to drink, according to a report released by the National Research Council. “We believe water reuse is an option to deal with growing water scarcity, especially in coastal areas,” says Jorg Drewes, an engineering professor at the Colorado School of Mines. “This can be done reliably without putting the public at risk,” he says, citing technological advances. He says it’s a waste not to reuse the nation’s wastewater, because almost all of it is treated before discharge. This water includes storm runoff (径流) as well as used water from homes, business and factories.
In many places, the report says, the public does not realize it’s drinking water that was treated after being discharged as wastewater somewhere upstream. For example, wastewater discharged into the Trinity River from Dallas/Fort Worth flows south into Lake Livingston, the source for Houston’s drinking water.
Despite the growing importance of this reuse, the report says there’s been no systemic analysis of its extent nationwide since a 1980 study by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Alan Roberson of the American Water Works Association says wastewater reuse is common, so the council’s report is important but not surprising. Roberson expects this recycling will continue to increase, especially for irrigation and industrial needs. He says it will take longer to establish potables (适于饮用的) uses because of public nervousness about drinking wastewater, however treated.
“We have to do something to address water scarcity,” says Olga Naidenko, a senior scientist at the non-profit Environmental Working Group. “Less than 10% of potable water is used for drinking, cooking, showering or dishwashing. We flush it down the toilet, literally.” Technologies exist to safely treat the water, she says, although some are expensive.
The report says water reuse projects tend to cost more than most water conservation options but less than seawater desalination ( 脱 盐 ) and other supply alternatives. It calls on the EPA to develop rules that set safe national standards.
55. As can be learned from Paragraph 1, drinking wastewater .________
A. is to become a growing necessity B. is well received by the Americans
C. has caused heated public debates D. has become the dominant option
56. Which of the following statements would Jorg Drewes agree to?________
A. Water reuse may eventually put the public at risk.
B. Water reuse is preferable to wasting water.
C. Water reuse is far from a solution to water shortage.
D. Water reuse is possible only after greater tech advances.
57. Lake Livingston is mentioned to show that the public .________
A. accepts the fact of drinking wastewater calmly
B. is concerned about the safety of the drinking water
C. does not believe that wastewater is safe to drink
D. is not aware of the nature of their drinking water
58. According to Alan Roberson, .________
A. it is not safe to drink wastewater
B. the report has surprised the public
C. the report helps build up public confidence
D. the public has yet to accept drinking wastewater
59. Olga Naidenko’s remarks emphasize .________
A. the recent progress B. the existing problems
C. the new perspective D. the potential risks
60. What does the report suggest to the EPA?________
A. Weighing different water conservation options.
B. Exploring new technologies to treat wastewater.
C. Setting up national standards for water reuse.
D. Monitoring water supplies at a national level.